The investigation of urban heat island and other urban effects on the climate of the cities located at tropical and subtropical areas has received less attention than in other latitudes, as result, much less is known about urban climate in lower latitudes. In the case of Brazil, where the urban fraction of its population is expected to grow from the current 85% to more than 90% in the next 20 years, the paucity of information is particularly critical. As consequence of this unprecedented population growth, most of the Brazilian urban areas will demand enormous amount of resources to alleviate the shortages of basic social services, the lack of infrastructure and chronic air and water pollution problems. Besides, if the IPCC scenarios are confirmed for the region a significant fraction of the population living in large conurbations of Brazil are more likely to become exposure to the adverse effects of climate change, aggravating the need for investment. Moreover, most of the actions taken to modify this condition so far have not been as effective as expected because they have been based on political considerations rather than on scientific knowledge.
The São Paulo Spring School on “Urban Climate at Tropical Regions: Observational and Modeling Features“ was organized as part of the project Mcity Brazil (http://www.iag.usp.br/meteo/
The Spring School major goal is to bring together leading scientist on the field of urban climate to lecturer the Brazilian scientists and graduation students in this very important field. It will be held at the University of São Paulo, in the Institute of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences, located in São Paulo, Brazil, from September 23 to 27, 2013.
All attendees will be encouraged to present a short communication about their research. They will have also the opportunity show their work during a two days poster sessions. Selected abstracts will be organized in the school proceedings that will be available to all registered participants.