Particle acceleration, magnetic field amplification, and gamma-ray emission in protostellar jets

Data: 
09/09/2020 - 14:00 - 15:00
Local: 
Remoto, com transmissão pela internet
Particle acceleration, magnetic field amplification, and gamma-ray emission in protostellar jets
 
Anabella Araudo

ELI Beamlines/Czech Academy of Sciences
 
Synchrotron radio emission from  non-relativistic jets powered by massive protostars has been reported, indicating the presence of relativistic electrons and magnetic fields of about 1 mG. We study diffusive shock acceleration and magnetic field amplification in protostellar jets with speeds between 300 and 1000 km/s. In this talk I will  show that the magnetic field in the synchrotron emitter can be  amplified by the non-resonant hybrid (Bell) instability excited by the cosmic-ray streaming. By combining the synchrotron data with basic theory of Bell instability we estimate the magnetic field in the synchrotron emitter and the maximum energy of protons and electrons. Protons can achieve maximum energies in the TeV range and emit gamma rays in their interaction with  matter fields. The gamma-ray flux can be significantly enhanced by the gas mixing due to Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities. The detection of this radiation by the Fermi satellite in the GeV domain and the forthcoming Cherenkov Telescope Array at higher energies may open a new window to study the formation of massive stars, as well as diffusive acceleration and magnetic field amplification in shocks with velocities of about 1000 km/s.