Mid-Cretaceous marine Os isotope evidence for heterogeneous cause of oceanic anoxic events


Primeiro Autor: 
Hironao Matsumoto
Ano de Publicação: 
Nome da Revista/Jornal: 
Nature Communications
Tipo de publicação: 
Artigo publicado em Revista
Publicação Internacional
Matsumoto, H., Coccioni, R., Frontalini, F., Shirai, K., Jovane, L., Trindade, R.I.F., Savian, J.F. & Kuroda, J.
Página Inicial: 

During the mid-Cretaceous, the Earth experienced several environmental perturbations, including an extremely warm climate and Oceanic Anoxic Events (OAEs). Submarine volcanic episodes associated with formation of large igneous provinces (LIPs) may have triggered these perturbations. The osmium isotopic ratio (187Os/188Os) is a suitable proxy for tracing hydrothermal activity associated with the LIPs formation, but 187Os/188Os data from the mid-Cretaceous are limited to short time intervals. Here we provide a continuous high-resolution marine 187Os/188Os record covering all mid-Cretaceous OAEs. Several OAEs (OAE1a, Wezel and Fallot events, and OAE2) correspond to unradiogenic 187Os/188Os shifts, suggesting that they were triggered by massive submarine volcanic episodes. However, minor OAEs (OAE1c and OAE1d), which do not show pronounced unradiogenic 187Os/188Os shifts, were likely caused by enhanced monsoonal activity. Because the subaerial LIPs volcanic episodes and Circum-Pacific volcanism correspond to the highest temperature and pCO2 during the mid-Cretaceous, they may have caused the hot mid-Cretaceous climate.